A.K.A. matter vs. anti-matter!
With final exams fast approaching, in my Intro. Phil. course, I've been working up a set of questions which may, or may not, appear, in some form or other, on the test.
Descartes is still giving me a lot of trouble. But I think I've come up with a pretty good set of questions on Aquinas & Nietzsche, at least, and I think they might provide a few moment's amusement for some of our regulars.
Please note: I'm NOT asking anybody to answer ANY of these questions, let alone the whole lot. On the other hand, if any of them are obvious clinkers - ill-formed, unnecessarily ambiguous, or what have you, I'd like to find it out from y'all before I find it out from my students. IOW, suggestions welcome.
Edward Feser: *Aquinas*
Friedrich Nietzsche: *On the Genealogy of Morals* - Preface & First Essay
So here it goes:
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1. According to Aquinas, everything that exists is either pure act or a compound of act and potency. What being is pure act?
2. Give an example of something that is a compound of act and potency. What in it is act? What in it is potency?
3. According to Aquinas, "potency does not raise itself to act." What does he mean by this? What can raise potency to act?
4. What are the three essential elements of all motion (i.e., change), according to Aquinas? Explain, and give an example.
5. What is the difference between a substance and an accident? Give an example.
6. What is the difference between form and matter? Give an example.
7. Can matter exist without form? What is Aquinas' expression for formless matter?
8. Give three examples of forms that can exist without matter, according to Aquinas.
9. What is the doctrine of "hylemorphism?"
10. The distinction between form and matter is a special case of the distinction between act and potency. Explain.
11. What are the names of the four causes? Identify the four causes of a substance of your own choice.
12. What are the principles of causality, of proportionate causality, and of finality?
13. According to "classical theism," God is "simple." What does this mean?
14. Explain, with examples, the difference between univocal, equivocal, and analogous predication.
15. According to Aquinas, are power, knowledge, and goodness predicated to both man and God (a) univocally; (b) equivocally; or (c) analogously? Explain your answer.
16. Explain the difference between an accidentally ordered and an essentially ordered causal series. Give an example of each.
17. What is a "cosmological" argument? What makes Aquinas' "First Way" a "cosmological" argument?
18. Does Aquinas' "First Way" depend on the notion of an accidentally, or an essentially ordered causal series? Explain.
19. Are animals examples of self-moved movers? Why or why not?
20. What is Aquinas' definition of the soul? What are the three types of soul? Illustrate your answer with examples.
1. What is the fundamental concept of what Nietzsche calls "master morality?" What is its opposite concept? Give at least three synonyms for each, as seen by the "masters."
2. What is the fundamental concept of what Nietzsche calls "slave morality?" What is its opposite concept? Give at least three synonyms for each, as seen by the "slaves."
3. How would Nietzsche prefer to describe those seen as "evil" by "slave morality?" How would he prefer to describe those seen as "good" by "slave morality?"
4. According to Nietzsche, "master morality" is creative, while "slave morality is reactive. Explain.
5. According to Nietzsche, "the judgement 'good' [in "master morality"] does not derive from those to whom 'goodness' is shown!" So how does it originate?
6. According to Nietzsche, how does the judgement "evil" [in "slave morality"] originate?
7. What does Nietzsche mean by the phrase "the slave revolt in morality?"
8. According to Nietzsche, what is the attitude of the "good" to the "bad" in "master morality?" Compare and contrast the attitude of the "good" to the "evil" in "slave morality" (as Nietzsche sees it).
9. What groups does Nietzsche identify as historical examples of "master morality" and "slave morality?" Name two of each.
10. Describe "the parable of the lambs" and explain its point.
11. What are Nietzsche's criteria for the "value of [a system of] values?"
12. Relate Nietzsche's claim: "'Rome against Judaea, Judaea against Rome' - so far, there has been no greater event than this struggle, this questioning, this mortal enmity and contradiction" to his distinction between "master" and "slave" morality, in ten sentences or less.
13. According to Nietzsche, "Rome has been defeated." Explain, in ten sentences or more.